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Hunkyu Seo†, Yeon-Mi Hong†, Won Gi Chung, Wonjung Park, Jakyoung Lee, Hong Kyun Kim, Suk Ho Byeon, Dai Woo Kim*, and Jang- Ung Park* († equally contributed)
Real-Time In Vivo Monitoring of Intraocular Pressure Distribution in the Anterior Chamber and Vitreous Chamber for Diagnosis of Glaucoma
Sci. Adv., 10 (6), 1 -13
Date: Feb 7, 2024

Glaucoma causes irreversible vision loss due to optic nerve damage and retinal cell degeneration. Since high intraocular pressure (IOP) is a major risk factor for glaucoma development, accurate IOP measurement is crucial, especially intravitreal IOP affecting the optical nerve and cells. However, conventional methods have limits in selectively and directly detecting local retina pressure. Here, we present continuous measurements of local IOP values in the anterior chamber and vitreous chamber of living animals using minimally invasive probes with pressure-sensitive transistors. After inducing glaucoma in animal models, we compared the local IOP distribution between normal and glaucomatous eyes. We also compared IOP values detected in the cornea using tonometry measurements. Our findings revealed that glaucoma induced higher IOP in the vitreous chamber than in the anterior chamber, indicating that measuring IOP in the vitreous chamber is key to the glaucoma model. This progress offers future directions for diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma.

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